Minerals are the main substances required in the body. It comprises of all the minerals and other elements which are required in the physiological activity of the human body. The human body consists of diverse minerals and these include the following:

There is a large difference between dietary supplements and minerals supplements. Dietary supplements contain minerals which are not needed in the daily life of an individual and can be consumed in limited quantities. These are generally synthesized and are available on prescription. While minerals supplements are available in the market and are not to be consumed in excess. The major difference between the two is that minerals supplements are required to be consumed on a regular basis while the dietary supplements need only to be consumed on a short term basis.

One of the most important minerals present in the human body is calcium, which forms the major constituent of our teeth and bones. Calcium also forms the major component of our muscles as well as a small part of our blood. However, there are various other minerals as well including boron, iron, magnesium, manganese, phosphorus, potassium and zinc which are consumed for their essential characteristics. Some of the commonly consumed minerals are as follows:

There are various other minerals which are also used in the production of various types of supplements. These include chromium, zinc, selenium and iodine. Chromium and Zinc are frequently used in the preparation of minerals supplements, whereas iodine is mainly consumed in the preparation of dietary supplements. Studies have shown that consumption of iodine can significantly lower the risk of cancer and other chronic degenerative diseases.

Iron is one of the most extensively used minerals in the preparation of dietary supplements. It is very important in regulating the absorption of the other minerals. Iron is one of the essential minerals for generating the red blood cells. Iron deficiency can result in anaemia and other disorders. Thus, Iron is an important element to be included in the preparation of dietary supplements.

Selenium is one of the most important minerals, which are necessary for regulating the absorption of the other minerals. Studies have indicated that deficiency in selenium results in a variety of disorders, which can lead to anemia and cancer. Selenium is also widely used in the preparation of dietary supplements. It has been discovered that people, who have a habit of meat and fish diets, tend to have low levels of this mineral in their bodies.

Magnesium is also used in the preparation of this mineral. This ion is responsible for muscle contraction and the regulation of nerve impulses. Magnesium deficiency can result in poor muscle tone and poor coordination of the nervous system. However, deficiency of magnesium in the body can also result in zinc loss, due to its role in the utilization of zinc.

As far as vitamin C is concerned, it is one of the most popular nutrients in the preparations of dietary supplements. Vitamin C is an antioxidant, which can combat free radicals. Free radicals, when present in the body, can lead to damage to the DNA of cells. Some of the disorders associated with this disorder include cancer of the lymph nodes and skin, as well as various forms of arthritis. Vitamin C supplements, when taken on a regular basis, can prevent such disorders from occurring.

Calcium, together with phosphorus, is found in abundance in dairy products. In the preparation of calcium supplements, either of these elements can be used. However, for individuals who are lactose intolerant, iodine is the only element that is able to bring in sufficient quantities into the system. It is also used in the preparations of magnesium supplements. Iodine deficiency is prevalent among the elderly, so it is very important to keep an eye on this factor.

Zinc plays an important role in the construction of the skeletal system. It can also be used in the treatments of various disorders associated with immunity, like the flu and even measles. Although insufficient in most diets, zinc can be found in certain herbal dietary supplements. Like all minerals, excess amounts of zinc can lead to hair loss or abnormalities in the skin. A proper intake of this mineral can help ensure better resistance to diseases.

It is advisable to talk to your doctor before you start taking any of these mineral supplements, especially if you have existing medical conditions. The doctor will be able to advice you on the best course of treatment. This includes how much minerals are needed and the frequency of your supplements.

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